Corn for Silage Trait Characteristics
CRM stands for Comparative Relative Maturity. It is a number used by Pioneer ® Seeds Australia to compare the maturity of one corn hybrid compared to another. It is a ‘unit-less’ number and should not be related directly to ‘days’. For example, it is not a number that refers to the number of days from planting until physiological maturity, as this will vary greatly with planting time and seasonal conditions.
Generally, a corn silage hybrid with a smaller CRM will flower, fill grain and be ready for harvest more quickly than a hybrid with a larger CRM. Please consult your local Pioneer ® area manager for local knowledge on the relative maturity of hybrids for your growing environment.
Grain yield for maturity:
Valid only to compare hybrids of approximately the same maturity (+ or – 4 CRM). 9 = High grain yield for maturity.
Silage yield for maturity:
Valid to compare hybrids of a similar maturity (+ or - CRM). 9 = High silage yield for maturity.
Measures the length of the husk leaves extending past the end of the cob, with a loose husk cover scoring one point lower for the same length of husk cover.
9 = Tall. 1 = Short.
Cob Rot resistance:
9 = Shows very high resistance to cob rot.
9 = Ability to handle hot dry stress conditions.
Northern Leaf Blight (NLB):
9 = Completely free of NLB and showing very high resistance. Caution: In conditions where NLB and Eyespot risks are high, growers should only consider planting hybrids with at least moderate resistance ratings of 5 or higher for these diseases.
Silage yield for maturity:
Valid to compare hybrids of a similar maturity (CRM). 9 = Completely free of NLB and showing very high resistance. Caution: In conditions where NLB and Eyespot risks are high, growers should only consider planting hybrids with at least moderate resistance ratings of 5 or higher for these diseases.
A measure of a hybrid’s ability to stay as a green growing plant leading up to black layer (physiological maturity). It is a measure of late season plant health which may affect plant standability and suitability for silage. A high rating indicates a wider silage “harvest window” providing a greater degree of harvest timing flexibility.
Whole plant digestibility:
Whole plant digestability percentage (DM basis) as predicted by NIR. 9 = Very high whole plant digestability.
Disease resistance ratings:
8 to 9 = Highly resistant.
6 to 7 = Resistant.
4 to 5 = Moderately resistant.
1 to 3 = Susceptible.
- = Indicates insufficient data.
Growing environment definitions:
May include some or all of the following characteristics:
Challenging yield environments (CYE)
- Light, sandy or shallow soils of low fertility, predictably low summer rainfall (drought-prone) environments.
- Exposed sites with very high wind run.
- High cob, leaf or stalk disease pressure.
Medium yield environments (MYE)
- Average fertility soils with predictably adequate summer rainfall.
- Continuously cropped soils.
- Medium to low cob, leaf or stalk disease pressure.
- Planting at these populations are recommended for new maize growers and food grade grain production.
High yield environments (HYE)
- Deeper, highly fertile and well structured soils.
- Predictably good summer rainfall, shelter from high wind run.
- Good soils straight out of long term pasture.
- Low or no cob, leaf or stalk disease pressure.
|Trait ratings||Word and numeric alignment for yield and agronomic traits|
|8-9||Excellent, exceptional, outstanding, superb, impressive, industry-leading.|
|7||Superior, very good, strong, sound, reliable, stable, dependable, consistent.|
|6||Good, above average, sound, reliable, stable, dependable, consistent.|
|5||Average, acceptable, adequate, moderate.|
|4||Acceptable, slightly below average.|
|1-3||Marginal, susceptible, below average.|
|Trait ratings||Word and numeric alignment for disease and entomology traits|
|8-9||Highly resistant, excellent, exceptional, outstanding, impressive.|
|6-7||Resistant, superior, strong, very good.|
|4-5||Intermediate, moderate, adequate, acceptable.|
|1-3||Susceptible (caution on use if disease is prevalent)|
% = Percent
g = gram
m = metre
cm = centimetre
kg = kilogram
ha = hectare
DM = dry matter
bags/ha = bags per hectare
kgDM = kilograms of dry matter
kgDM/ha = kilograms of dry matter per hectare
kgMS = kilograms of milksolids
kgMS/cow = kilograms of milksolids per cow
$/ha = NZ dollars per hectare
MJME = megajoules of metabolisable energy
MJME/kgDM = megajoules of metabolisable energy per
kilogram of dry matter
t/ha = tonnes per hectare
tDM = tonnes of dry matter
tDM/cow = tonnes of dry matter per cow
tDM/ha = tonnes of dry matter per hectare
c/kgDM = cents per kilogram of dry matter
When managed correctly, farmers who feed corn silage report little wastage and those with feed pads often experience a decrease in workload. There’s always a Pioneer ® consultant nearby to advise you on which hybrid corn seeds best suit your cropping environment and provide ongoing on-farm backup and technical support. If you have any questions about our feed corn seed for sale , please contact Pioneer ® Seeds Australia.